Stigma and discriminatory attitudes towards representatives of key groups are widespread in society. The situation in Ukraine concerning their rights is unsatisfactory. Although the risks of criminal prosecution under Article 130 of the Criminal Code “Transmission of HIV or other incurable infectious diseases” are insignificant in practice, people living with HIV are stigmatized in their everyday contacts.

Formally, the use of drugs in Ukraine is not criminalized, except for cases of public or committed by a group of people using drugs in public places. However, since the possession of drugs without the purpose of selling provides for both administrative and criminal liability – depending on the dose size, and to be able to use drugs consumers have to keep them, in practice, they are actively pursued by the police, in fact, for their state of addiction. At the same time, the maximum dose size that can be prosecuted is very low, which can lead to situations when having a single dose of the drug, a person can face criminal punishment.

Sex workers are subject to frequent harassment by the police, for whom the existence of administrative responsibility for engaging in sex work is the basis for harassment with impunity.

Consensual sex between adults of the same sex is not prohibited by law, but MSM often face stigma and discrimination based on their sexual orientation.

In Ukraine, the Law “On the Basics of Preventing and Combating Discrimination in Ukraine” is in force. Sexual orientation and gender identity are not explicitly indicated in the list of unacceptable grounds of discrimination, although formally they fall under this definition.

The rights of trans*people in Ukraine are often violated, and they experience persistent stigma and discrimination.


The REAct system has been implemented in Ukraine since 2019.

69 non-governmental organizations working in 18 regions of the country are involved in documenting cases.

ICF “Alliance for Public Health” provides technical support for maintaining the database, analyzing the collected information, and forming strategic goals for advocacy.


69 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are involved in documenting cases of violation of the rights of key communities vulnerable to HIV / TB in 18 regions. The REActors (documentators) of the Project are NGO employees who have direct contact with vulnerable groups. These are mainly social workers, project coordinators, and specialists, prevention project documentaries, lawyers, etc.

Each REActor works in his/her own direction with the corresponding risk groups.